Joseph Windlow - 1843 - 1892
Joseph Windlow was born in 1843 in North Shields, Northumberland, the youngest child of William and Elizabeth Windlow.
In 1851, Joseph can be found living in Stephenson Street, Tynemouth with his widowed mother (in receipt of Parish Relief) and 2 elder brothers.
George (an errand boy, aged 13) and William (a seaman, aged 15), living in a house headed by his eldest sister, Isabella Huggup, a widow (aged 22) who is a straw bonnet maker.
The 1861 census shows Joseph, a Pit Man aged 18 years, living in Bulmans Village, Coxlodge, with his Grandfather George Pearson, his mother Elizabeth Windlow, and his elder brother George, a 22 year old Masons Labourer.
His sister, Isabella’s five year old son, John Thomas Huggup is also present on census day.
Apparently, a large part of what is now Gosforth High Street, about two miles north of Newcastle city centre, was originally known as Bulman’s Village.
The county history indicates that Gosforth was known as Bulmans Village until 1878, after Job James Bulman, a local land owner.
In 1914 the name was finally dropped. Gosforth is now part of Newcastle.
I have been unable to find a record of his marriage to Catherine (born in 1851 in North Shields, Northumberland), but by the 1881 census, Joseph is living with his wife, Catherine at 12 Byker Street, Longbenton, Northumberland, with their son, William.
Joseph, in this census, was recorded as an Engine man.
An Engine man was in charge of colliery winding machinery under the direction of the Bank man who used to collect the miners’ brass tallies as they went underground and came up.
Systems differed – but basically, in case of accident, it was necessary to know who was underground on every shift – a series of brass tallies of different shapes, according to their purpose, but all stamped with the miner’s individual number and the name of the mine, were used.
The banks man also regulated the numbers going into each cage for the descent and ascent of the mine).
Joseph and Catherine have more children: John and Pearson both die in infancy, then Joseph was born in 1881 and George in 1884. Two daughters, Jane born in 1888 and Louisa in 1889, also both die in infancy.
In the census of 1891 Joseph is recorded as a a Fireman.
This meant that he inspected for, and removed explosive gasses underground.
He was living at Pit Hill, Urpeth, Durham with: John Dodds (Brother in law – also a miner) and his wife, Isabella (Joseph’s Sister ) and Hannah Dodds – a 7 year old niece of John Dodds. Isabella continues to be a Milliner by occupation.
Catherine, Joseph’s wife, by this time, is living at 66 Fisher Street, Walker with youngest sons, Joseph and George. I do not know why they are living at a different address.
A year later, aged 49, Joseph dies of Phthisis (TB) The death is registered in Gateshead by his son William.
Miners Phthisis or Silicosis is a disease of the lungs caused by the inhalation of fine particles of hard silicos dust.
The inhalation of finely divided dust containing free silica tends to produce “fibrosis.”
This causes difficulty in breathing and a dry type of bronchitis. Fibrosis tends in most cases to become active tuberculosis in the infected lung.
Catherine Windlow remarries in 1895 to William Shrigley.
In the 1901 census Catherine and William Shrigley are living in East Rainton with George and Joseph Windlow (the two youngest sons by her first husband).